The given Chapter1 is basically devoted to general physical issues and to the systematic criticism of the relativistic kinematics. In so doing, a lot of logical and methodical contradictions of SRT is analyzed in detail. If only methodical inaccuracy were included in this theory, it could be corrected, some additional explanations, revisions, additions, etc., could be introduced. However, the presence of logical contradictions brings "to nothing" any results of any theory, and SRT is not an exception in this respect (although rather undemanding attitude to SRT as compared with any other theory is evidenced in science).
We will briefly summarize all of the preceding. In present Chapter such fundamental notions as "space", "time" and "relativity of simultaneity" were analyzed in detail. The logical inconsistency of the fundamental notion of "space" in SRT was demonstrated on the basis of the following contradictions: the modified twins paradox, the paradox of n twins, the paradox of antipodes, the time paradox etc.. Then, the possibility of introducing a single absolute time independent of the velocity of motion was demonstrated by means of a periodic, infinitely remote source situated across the plane (line) of motion.
Further, for numerous examples the inconsistency of the relativistic concept of length was demonstrated. (These examples include: the motion of a cross, rotation of a circle, lengths shortening, the belt-driven transmission, the indefiniteness of the direction of contraction, a loop with current, etc.). The SRT contradictions for the problems of rod slipping over a plane and of flying rod turning, the non-locality paradox, limiting transition to classics, and so on, were considered in detail.
In Chapter 1 the true sense of the Lorentz transformations and of the interval invariance was discussed. The contradiction between the "relativity of simultaneity" and the field approach, founded upon the finiteness of the rate of interactions, was considered in detail. The contradictions between the Lorentz transformations and the relativistic law of velocity addition were also discussed in detail. Besides, in Chapter 1 the hyperbolization property of the "relative quantity" concept itself and the space-time homogeneity properties were critically discussed in detail.
The ultimate conclusion of the Chapter consists in the necessity of returning to classical notions of space and time, to the linear law of velocity addition, and classical meaning for all derivative values. The questions of experimental verification of SRT kinematics and questions concerning the relativistic dynamics will be considered in detail in Chapters 3 and 4 respectively. The questions of kinematics of noninertial systems will be touched in the next Chapter 2.